84 Is there evil?

Meaning clarified Article 12 teaches that you are the light that reveals the happiness around you. Light carries warmth, spreading happiness. Light illuminates, making the happiness visible. Think of it as a bidirectional flow of cause and perception. Alternatively, think of sound. The adjective form of the word identifies a longitudinal pressure fluctuation: sound wave (type of wave). The noun form is illustrated in the grade school saying that a tree falling in a vacant forest does not make sound. Various dictionaries associate that meaning of “sound” as a noun with “auditory impression,” “sensation,” or “can be heard.” There “sound” …

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61 You become what you eat

Can you become independent of your physical being? We grow by looking at something bigger than what we are now. Those things are not hard to find. I am small compared to things of which I am aware. That feeling increases as I learn. Comprehending the complex begins with the simple. Prior articles started with the self and built out to the surroundings. The relationships involve physical materials, people with personalities, and moral distinctions. Expanding beyond the familiar led ultimately to defining god. Looking so far into the future is not so much comprehending as it is thinking about. Cosmic …

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22 Rising above altruism

On one level, the word altruism is the empty set.  It has a definition but contains no elements.  Why no substance?  Psychological hedonism teaches that selfless concern for others gives satisfaction, which is a selfish reward.  (Nothing is completely selfless.)  To avoid circular reasoning, let us rephrase the question.  We ask merely whether an action is beneficial.  There is no need to isolate a beneficiary or to define “selfish” by distinguishing self from others. Self-oriented passages of the Old Testament are isolationist and genocidal, separating “us” from “them” (the group level of “self” and “non-self”).  On the other hand, some …

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