higher orders

74 Supply Pipe

Values Disclaimer: This is not economics; this is human thought. I am a thoughtful person, and the principles expressed here are my personal tools for understanding my life and surroundings. Economists are probably dismayed by my every sentence, thinking “Why doesn’t this fool apply the established methods of our profession? We worked this out long ago.” Apparently, I am not content with solutions worked out thus far. Working to fulfill the moral goals that I have set, I am expressing my values, not theoretical elegance. Foundation – real wealth, FISH Article 27 identified Humans’ Needs as the Fundamental Ingredients Sustaining …

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22 Rising above altruism

On one level, the word altruism is the empty set.  It has a definition but contains no elements.  Why no substance?  Psychological hedonism teaches that selfless concern for others gives satisfaction, which is a selfish reward.  (Nothing is completely selfless.)  To avoid circular reasoning, let us rephrase the question.  We ask merely whether an action is beneficial.  There is no need to isolate a beneficiary or to define “selfish” by distinguishing self from others. Self-oriented passages of the Old Testament are isolationist and genocidal, separating “us” from “them” (the group level of “self” and “non-self”).  On the other hand, some …

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